Regular Diet Causes Multiple Heart Diseases! Beware of The Symptoms
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a group of diseases that are caused in the heart or blood vessels. Moreover, heart disease refers to concern and defect in the heart. CVD includes coronary artery disease (CDA) for example:
- angina and myocardial infarction(heart attack),
- coronary artery disease,
- stroke and peripheral artery disease.
Types of Heart Diseases
- Congenital heart disease
This is a common term for some defect in the heart that has been present since birth.
Arrhythmia is caused due to an irregular heartbeat. This makes the heartbeat not too fast, too slowly, or too unevenly.
Coronary artery disease
Coronary arteries can be damaged, usually because of plaque deposits that contain cholesterol.
The heart chambers become dilated because heart muscle is weak and cannot pump blood properly. This usually have an effect on the left ventricle.
The most general reason is that, not enough oxygen reaches the heart muscle.
Well known as heart attack, cardiac infarction, and coronary thrombosis.
An uneven blood flow damages part of the heart muscle. This is generally caused by a blood clot that builds up in one of the coronary arteries. Also, it happens if an artery suddenly slim.
Heart failure happens when the heart does not pump blood appropriately. The left or right side of the heart may be artificial.
Coronary artery disease or high blood pressure can leave the heart too inflexible or weak to fill and pump properly.
This is an inborn disorder in which the wall of the left ventricle is hardened and makes it harder for blood to be pumped out.
Well known as mitral valve regurgitation, mitral insufficiency, or mitral incompetence, this happens when the mitral valve in the heart does not close tightly.
This enables blood to flow back into the heart. People with this type of heart condition feel tired and breathless.
Mitral valve prolapsed
In a large amount of people, the condition is not life-threatening and no treatment is necessary.
The valve among the left atrium and left ventricle does not fully close, it swells upwards, or back into the atrium.
Some people, might require treatment particularly if the condition is noticeable by mitral regurgitation.
It becomes solid for the heart to pump blood from the right ventricle into the pulmonary artery because the pulmonary valve is too tight. Elder children will usually have no symptoms.
Treatment is needed when the pressure in the right ventricle is too high, and a balloon valvuloplasty or open-heart surgery may be creating to clear an obstruction.
DO YOU KNOW?
Punjab, Tamil Nadu and Haryana have the highest numbers of patients of heart diseases in India.
Heart Diseases Symptoms
These are the major symptoms of heart disease are listed below:
- Nausea, indigestion, heartburn, stomach pain
- Chest pain
- Uneven heartbeat
- Swollen legs, feet and ankles
- Pain in arms, neck, back, abdomen, jaw and throat
- Heavy cough
Be aware if you notice any symptoms, consult your doctor as soon as possible.
Causes and Prevention of HEART DISEASES
Some choices of your lifestyle which increases the risk of heart disease are given below:
- high blood pressure and cholesterol
- overweight and obesity
- family history
- junk food
- preeclampsia during pregnancy
- age factor
If you have these habits, so prevent yourself by these prevention tips which decrease the risk of heart disease:
- exercise regularly
- eat a balanced diet
- maintain your blood pressure, body weight and diabetes
- stick to low-fat and high fiber food
- reduce cholesterol
- avoid smoking and drinking
Take care of your health by avoiding bad habits. And, stick to a healthy diet as soon as possible.
Heart Disease Treatments
There are two types of treatments, first one is medication which includes:
- statins (for reduce cholesterol)
- aspirin, clopidogrel and warfain (for blood clot)
- angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)
- beta-blockers (for heart attack, heart failure and high blood pressure)
And the second type of treatment is surgery which contains:
- angioplasty (control blood flow to the heart)
- coronary artery bypass surgery (allows blood flows to contact in block part)
- electronic machines or pace makers controls a heartbeat for people who suffering from arrhythmia
- surgery to fix heart valves
What should you eat if you have Heart Disease?
Diet is a main risk issue in coronary heart disease. Food risk factors include obesity, high blood pressure, uncontrolled diabetes and saturated fats.
A low-saturated fat, high-fiber, high plant food diet can significantly decrease the risk of increasing heart disease.
Here are some foods for maintain your diet in heart disease:
- whole grains
- leafy vegetables
- fatty fish and fatty oil
- dark chocolates
- green tea
- olive oil
Include these foods in your diet for healthy heart.
Heart disease is mainly effect to your heart and stops pump blood into vessels. And, it forms an attack. It happens when cholesterol, blood pressure and weight are misbalance.
But, you can protect or prevent yourself by given tips and by avoiding bad habits. Moreover, change your daily routine and maintain your health properly.